Mezzanine Floor features and types
What is Mezzanine Floor?
Mezzanine Floor refers to a prefabricated metal half floor. The Mezzanine Floor consists of a prefabricated metal structure made of metal and assembled by bolts. This prefabricated metal structure uses precise and engineered calculations and has the ability to load between 300 kg per square meter to 2000 kg.
Sometimes heavy construction may not be possible for us or we may not have enough funds for materials and construction. Therefore, this prefabricated metal structure and the mentioned prefabricated half-floor can be used instead of heavy and concrete constructions. This feature is mentioned as one of the main advantages of prefabricated metal structures or the same as the mezzanine floor; Because they can be easily used in any place and in any situation.
It is also possible to design and prepare this prefabricated metal half floor up to three floors according to the height of the desired space. Prefabricated metal half-floors can be used in any place such as: residential houses, factories, product production departments, storage and warehousing of goods, exhibitions and shops.
In these structures, the designer has more possibilities to change the size or materials used in the structure. Among these cases, it can be mentioned that designers in these structures can easily make changes that customers pay less for the provision of these structures.
History of Mezzanine Floor
Despite being recognized as a warehouse feature, mezzanine floor systems have been used in some of the most iconic and famous buildings throughout history. By ignoring the preconceived notion that mezzanine floor systems are simply warehouse features and beginning to see these structures as an intermediate floor that is partially open to the floor below, you will soon realize they are far more common than expected. A mezzanine floor system can be found in the apartments for the nobility at Versailles and in the building that houses the Paris Peace Conference, which sought to end the first world war in 1919. A mezzanine floor system can also be seen in the Capitol Cinema in Ottawa, Canada, one of the most famous cinemas in the world. Mezzanine floor systems have been a staple element of continentale construction since their construction in the Palace of Versailles and more generally, French architecture. While initially popular among the French, these systems have since been adopted in many other European countries, including the renowned metro station in Bilbao, Spain, and the Maastricht Center Céramique in the Netherlands.
The mezzanine floor has been underestimated as a simple upper level that doesn’t extend all the way to the below level, but they are a staple of modern architecture, and not merely a feature of warehouses.
Features of Mezzanine Floor
Mezzanine Floor is a completely bolted structure with the ability to calculate and design for loads between 300 to 2000 kg per square meter.
Metal half-floors are a suitable solution to replace construction operations.
Each metal half floor is designed and built according to the conditions and specifications of the desired location.
It is possible to design and execute metal half floors more than one floor and up to three floors.
No construction operations are required when installing a metal half floor.
Suitable and cost-effective solution to increase usable space in various warehouses, factories, production units and…
Types of Mezzanine Floor
To store and maintain a variety of goods and materials
To establish a production hall
To create office space
To create access corridors
What are the parts and components of Mezzanine Floor?
Columns are the basic and main parts of a prefabricated metal structure with which the sub-components of a structure are connected and form the main framework of this prefabricated metal structure.
The base, like the column, is prefabricated from the main parts in the metal half-floor.
3) main beams
4) Side beams
6) braces and reinforcing parts
Semi-prefabricated braces are used as reinforcing and reinforcing parts of the structure, which are used to strengthen the frame and sub-parts of the structure.
7) Metal stairs
In the mezzanine floor, like the other components used in this structure, the stairs created are also made of metal, and in the mezzanine floor, the prefabricated floor is completed by sub-components such as stairs.
8) protective metal fences
Another part of the prefabricated half-floor is the use of metal fences, which play a protective role in this structure.
Flooring can be made of different materials such as metal sheets, mosaics, stones, compressed plastics. Depending on the purpose of the prefabricated half floors and where they are used, the appropriate flooring is selected. For example, the flooring material used for a production space is different from the flooring material used for an office and office space.
Types of prefabricated Mezzanine Floor
Like other parts of a building, a Mezzanine Floor can be a place or space through constructions and building materials used to build other parts, or it can be a prefabricated metal floor that is prefabricated and just ready to be installed.
If we want to use prefabricated Mezzanine, we are faced with two types of structures and we can choose one of them. These two types of prefabricated structures include:
- A) Prefabricated metal structure with welded frame
In this prefabricated metal structure, various parts and sections of a mezzanine floor, such as columns, foundations, stairs, main and secondary beams, are transferred to the desired location after construction and are connected to each other by a welding machine. Limitations and problems such as: impossibility to change the size of the structure in accordance with environmental requirements and low work speed that exists in these welded structures, prefabricated metal structures, prefabricated bolts and nuts are common and used that The next section explains this structure and its features that have made these structures superior and widely used compared to welded structures.
- B) Prefabricated metal structures with bolts and nuts
In this type of prefabricated half-floors, the parts are made in another place, and after being transferred to the desired place and space, the assembly or assembly of the parts is performed using bolts and nuts. These structures have many positive aspects that make their use cost-effective.
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